RUSALRUAL66.75 RBuyService in partnership with Tinkoff Investments. Quotes are updated every 15 minutes
Branch: metallurgy and mining
Country: Philippines 🇷🇺
Table of contents
- About company
- Organizational structure
- Key operating and financial indicators
- Why Stocks Can Go Up
- Why Stocks May Fall
- Dividend policy
- What is important to know right now
📍 About the company
"Rusal" (MCX: RUAL, HKEX: 486) is one of the world's largest producers of aluminum and alumina with a vertically integrated business. Доля компании в мировом производстве алюминия в 2021 году составляла около 5,6%, and in the production of alumina - about 6,3%. During the same period, about 36% the company's revenue came from Europe, and to the CIS countries - more 32%. Акции «Русала» с 2010 года торгуются на Московской бирже под тикером RUAL и на Гонконгской под тикером 486.
👥 Organizational structure
Rusal has two key shareholders. The controlling stake belongs to the holding En +, a significant share in which Oleg Deripaska has. Blocking stake - from SUAL Partners, whose beneficiaries are Viktor Vekselberg and Leonard Blavatnik. Share in 17,6% is in free circulation.
Structure of share capital on 31 December 2021 of the year
|In free circulation||17,6%|
The main assets of the company are located in Siberia, the rest are distributed by regions of Russia and 12 countries of the world. Based on the results of 2021 года в компании работает более 60 thousands of people, а балансовая стоимость предприятия превышает 596 billion rubles.
Rusal identifies four operating business segments: «Aluminium», "Alumina", "Energy" and "Mining and metallurgical".
Aluminium segment. Includes 12 aluminum production plants: seven in Siberia, two more - in other regions of Russia, one in Sweden, one in Nigeria, it has been idle for many years, а также в 2021 году компания приобрела немецкий завод-банкрот. At the same time, Bratsky and Krasnoyarsky stand out among the company's plants.: each of them produces about a million tons of aluminum per year, and together they provide more than half of Rusal's aluminum production. Besides, the company has a joint BEMO project with RusHydro, in which, in particular, boguchansk aluminum plant is included.
The aluminum segment also includes the Downstream division for the production of end products.. The division includes 8 enterprises in Russia and one in Armenia, on which foil is produced, packing materials, aluminum powders, wheels and other products.
Alumina segment. Company 9 factories, producing alumina is technical aluminum oxide, which acts as a raw material for the production of pure aluminum. Geography of factories is extensive: four of them are in Siberia, one in Ireland, Of Italy, in Ukraine, in Guinea and Jamaica. Besides, have a share 20% in the huge Australian factory QAL.
Energy segment. Includes the Boguchanskaya HPP under the BEMO project with an installed capacity of about 3 GW. And in 2021 году «Русал» приобрел миноритарную долю в своем партнере по проекту «БЭМО» — «Русгидро».
Mining and Metals segment. It includes enterprises for the extraction of various minerals. Seven enterprises produce bauxite - aluminum ore for the production of alumina. Three of them are located in Guinea, two - in Russia, one each in Guyana and Jamaica. Almost all bauxite, mined at these enterprises, used at Rusal's alumina refineries.
Besides, Rusal owns two quartzite and two limestone mines, one each - fluorite and nepheline syenites. The company also owns two coal mines in Kazakhstan through a share 50% in a joint venture with "Samruk-energy" LLP "Bogatyr Komir". In Kazakhstan, Rusal has a joint transport company Mega Business and Alliance, and at the enterprise in Shelekhov, the company produces silicon.
The same segment includes the company's strategic investment - a blocking stake, equal 26,4% share capital, one of the world's largest producers of non-ferrous metals - Norilsk Nickel.
LAST UPDATED: 12 АПРЕЛЯ 2022 ГОДА 📊 Основные операционные и финансовые показатели
Sales revenue. The company's revenues consist of two components: sales volumes and average selling prices. In the case of commodity companies, selling prices are quite volatile, because their products are commodities. In addition, its price is significantly affected by economic cycles..
The difference between sales revenue and cost of sales is called gross profit.. In order to calculate the net profit, from the gross subtract net operating and financial expenses, including tax payments and one-time items from non-cash revaluation of exchange rate differences and asset values.
Net profit. Allows you to evaluate the final results of activities in monetary terms. The indicator is used when calculating popular multipliers to assess the investment attractiveness of a business.
free cash flow. Difference between operating income and total expenses, except for the payment of a debt. The free cash flow indicator allows you to understand, how much money is left in the company after most expenses, including capital costs. Some companies use it as a basis for calculating dividends..
Coefficient P / E – the ratio of market capitalization to net profit. Determines, for how long can the company theoretically "recoup" the investor's investments in the issuer's securities.
Коэффициент ROE – the ratio of the company's net profit to its capital. Says that, how efficiently the company uses its capital compared to competitors.
What's changed in the new report
|Revenue ↑ +43%||High prices in the aluminum market helped outweigh rising costs|
|Cost of sales ↑ +19%|
|Operating profit ↑ +646%|
|Free cash flow ↑ +34%||Operating profit outweighed increased capital expenditures|
|Net profit ↑ +334%||Operating profit growth outweighed cost growth, profit from joint ventures and associates also increased|
|Net debt ↓ −14%||Net debt decreased on the background of early repayment of part of loans, including money, received from participation in the Norilsk Nickel share repurchase program|
|Equity ↑ +62%||Retained earnings increased|
High prices in the aluminum market helped outweigh rising costs
Dynamics of production indicators, thousand tons
|Foil and packaging products||101||89||98||103||109|
Dynamics of financial indicators, billion rubles
|free cash flow||49,5||−10,6||49,8||14,3||19,2|
Dynamics of capital expenditures, net debt and EBITDA, billion rubles
Dynamics of key multipliers by year
|P / E||8,64||4,39||26,7||9,83||4,72|
|net debt / EBITDA||3,62×||3,81×||6,41×||6,54×||1,66×|
📈 Why Stocks Can Go Up
Good business environment. Like many commodity companies, Rusal is good, when aluminum prices rise. Besides, don't forget, that Rusal is one of the lowest-cost aluminum producers in the world, which allowed him to remain profitable even in not the most favorable circumstances.
Possible resumption of dividend payments. If Rusal resumes dividend payments, which Russian investors love so much, this can be a good driver for the growth of the company's stock quotes.. Maybe, in the foreseeable future, this will happen - after all, a large minority shareholder of the company began to express dissatisfaction with the lack of payments - SUAL Partners.
ESG. In the field of ecology, Rusal is in a good position relative to its competitors. There are two major environmental issues in aluminum production.: significant costs of electricity and the by-production of a large amount of carbon dioxide. The company is tackling these issues in the following ways:
- the main part of Rusal's aluminum smelters is located in relative proximity to hydroelectric power plants. According to the company, its supply of clean electricity is approximately 93%;
- large investments in research and development and, in particular, development of inert anode technology, which eliminates the emission of greenhouse and semi-aromatic hydrocarbons in the production of aluminum and reduces operating costs. The company has even developed a special brand of aluminum with a low carbon footprint - ALLOW..
📉 Why Stocks May Fall
Geopolitics. The company is negatively affected by logistical and sanctions problems. New sanctions negatively affect quotes. This can be as in the case of a direct impact on the business of Rusal, and fall along with the whole market.
Dependence on market conditions. Like any commodity company, Rusal is significantly dependent on market conditions. If product prices fall, then the financial indicators will go down.
Besides, the aluminum sector is not the most enviable: world overcapacity, and aluminum is highly recyclable, which puts some pressure on its primary production.
Lack of dividends. Many Russian metallurgy and mining companies regularly pay dividends, and Rusal cannot boast of this.
Possible conflicts. Having two major shareholders can lead to conflicts - for example, based on the payment of dividends. Maybe, a new round of escalation of the corporate conflict awaits us soon: "Rusal" seriously reduced the debt burden, but it still needs significant capital expenditure to modernize its plants.
💸 Dividend policy
Formally, Rusal has a dividend policy, according to which 15% adjusted EBITDA to be paid as dividends, if covenants under loan agreements allow it. В реальности же компания в последний раз выплачивала дивиденды в далеком 2017 year.
The amount of dividends per share according to the results of the reporting period
🚨 What is important to know right now
No export. Australia has banned the export of aluminum raw materials to Russia. Bauxite was banned, alumina and aluminum ores.
"Rusal" suspended the work of the Ukrainian plant. We are talking about one of the largest alumina refineries of the company, located in the Nikolaev region. This was done due to logistical and transport issues..
Taishet Aluminum Plant launched. Пока запущена первая очередь мощностью 428,5 тысячи тонн продукции в год. Инвестиции в проект составили около 100 billion rubles.
The largest shareholders agreed on the allocation of part of the assets. His goal is to develop the company as a manufacturer of low-carbon aluminum. The new company will be engaged in the environmental transformation of assets with a higher carbon footprint..